Chronic Sinusitis and Possible Therapies
Chronic sinusitis or sinus infection is a condition characterized by prolonged (could last at least 12 weeks) inflammation and swelling of the cavities of the nasal passages despite medical intervention. Sinus infection interferes with drainage, causing mucus to accumulate and leading to problems breathing through the nose. You may also experience facial soreness or tenderness.
The complication typically affects young as well as middle-aged people, but kids may be affected too. Deviated nasal septum, infection by bacteria, or sinus growth are possible causes of this condition.
Treatment of Chronic Sinus Infection
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The goal of treating chronic sinus infection is to minimize sinus inflammation, preserve nasal passages drainage, fix the underlying cause, and minimize the occurrence of sinusitis flare-ups.
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This condition can be treated using saline nasal irrigation. It is applied in the form of nasal sprays or solutions to cause drainage reduction and eradicate irritants and allergies. Nasal corticosteroids, which are also nasal sprays, may be used to prevent and treat inflammation. When sprays prove ineffective, your physician may suggest you try rinsing with a saline and budesonide drops solution.
Corticosteroids (Oral or Injected)
These remedies are for reversing inflammation following serious sinus infection, and more so if the victim also suffers nasal polyps. However, oral corticosteroids are known to cause severe undesired effects, and they should be used to check only severe sinusitis.
Desensitization of Aspirin
Desensitization therapy may work for you if your sinus infection is caused by aspirin intolerance. The treatment is about the patient taking larger aspirin doses under a doctor’s supervision until desired tolerance levels are achieved.
It may be important that you use an antibiotic if your sinusitis comes with a bacterial infection. Typically, a physician prescribes an antibiotic and other drugs to control sinusitis when it’s impossible to dismiss the possibility of an underlying bacterial condition.
If your sinus infection has something to do with allergies, immunotherapy may work. In this case, you’ll receive allergy shots aimed at decreasing your system’s response to specific allergens that could actually improve your condition.
When medication and other treatments produce no improvements, endoscopic sinus surgery may be on the table. This intervention involves your physician looking into your sinus passages aided by a special tool.
Based on what’s causing obstruction, the physician may employ various tools to get rid of tissue or shave away a polyp linked to your nasal blockage. Another option for enhancing nasal drainage is to enlarge a thin sinus opening.
Chronic sinus infection is a complication that may result in lasting pain and complications when breathing via the nose. The good thing is that the condition may be controlled using nasal or oral corticosteroids, allergy injections, and surgical means.